project on jazz music contains hundreds of biography
sites for singers and musicians, but you will not find
them on this main page. If you need information on people
from Cannonball Adderly and Louis Armstrong to Count
Basie, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Lena Horne, and
on to Ethel Waters and Lester Young - - then don't miss
visiting the eduScapes
companion webpage, Biographies
of Jazz Musicians.
- Easier - Jazz is a type
of lively music with strong, complex rhythms. It was
first played at the beginning of the 20th century by
black musicians in New Orleans, Louisiana. Jazz musicians
often accent or add notes or beats in unusual or
unexpected places. They make up tunes as they play. Jazz
music has changed, and today there are many different
forms of Jazz.
- Harder - Shortly after
the turn of the 20th century, the earliest documented
jazz music style emerged in New Orleans. Jazz began with
a basic trio of musicians: a cornet, trumpet, or violin
to carry the melody while a clarinet played ornate
countermelodies, and the trombone provided rhythmic
slides and the root notes of chords or simple harmonies.
Below this group, there was a guitar or banjo sounding
out the chords, sometimes a piano and/or a string bass,
and drums supplying a rhythmic accompaniment.
- In theory these musicians and their instrument roles
are the same as in other kinds of music, but jazz depends
more on interpretation by individuals than on reproducing
a fully annotated score. Jazz blends in improvisation and
other elements of black music such as blues and ragtime
to make a unique American music form. In jazz, musicians
often play solos that they make up on the spot, or they
reinterpret a given melody or chord sequence. When more
than one musician is playing, the rhythms often become
very complex. There is tremendous variety in jazz; the
music is rhythmic, has a forward momentum called "swing,"
and employs "bent" or "blue" notes. One can often hear
"call and response" patterns where one instrument, voice,
or band section answers another. With a few exceptions
found in some styles, most jazz is based on the principle
that an endless number of melodies can fit the chord
progressions of a song. Musicians improvise new melodies
that fit the progressions. Other featured soloists follow
with their improvisations for as many choruses as
- All About
- This comprehensive site provides jazz news, reviews,
festivals, interviews, audio downloads, photos, and much,
- Related Websites:
- 2) Jazz Corner http://www.jazzcorner.com/
- 3) Jazz Guide http://www.thejazzguide.com/
- 4) Jazz Online http://www.jazzonln.com/
- 5) Passion for Jazz! http://www.apassion4jazz.net/
- 6) WNUR-FM JazzWeb http://www.wnur.org/jazz/
- Jazz: A Film by
Ken Burns from PBS
- Explore the history of jazz music. Here you can learn
about some famous jazz women, watch a RealPlayer
video trailer to the film, read up on Louis Armstrong and
other jazz greats, read transcripts from the show, and
lots, lots more.
- Related Website:
- 2) Ken Burns Jazz http://legacyrecordings.com/kenburnsjazz/flash.html
- Related Websites from PBS:
- 3) Duke Ellington's Washington http://www.pbs.org/ellingtonsdc/
- 4) Jazz Kids http://www.pbs.org/jazz/kids/
Primer for Rock People by C. Matthews from
- This site provides a comprehensive history of jazz
for people who don't know Charlie Parker from Charles
Mingus. It includes basic information with a timeline
including pre-1918 jazz, the influence of blues,
Dixieland, swing, bop, cool, free jazz, funk, fusion, and
recommended reading and listening.
- Related Website:
- 2) Jazz Improvisation Primer by M. Sabatella
Jazz from Smithsonian Museum of American
- Learn about the present and the past of this truly
original American art form. Don't miss the online
- Related Website:
- 2) Jazz Roots http://www.jass.com/
- After visiting several of the websites,
complete one or more of the following
- Campaign For Your Favorite Jazz
Performer. First, choose a favorite jazz
musician or singer. You may find someone on
of Jazz Musicians webpage from
eduScapes. Then create an eye-catching
poster that promotes your choice. Display
your finished artwork.
- Complete A Jazz WebQuest. Adapt of
follow the instructions found at these
- 2) Jazz Musicians http://www.davidson.k12.nc.us/webquests/jazzhist/jazzhist.htm
- 3) Jazz Radio Program (Grades 9-12) by
J.S. Ladd http://oswego.org/staff/jladd2/webquest/
- 4) Jazz Through the Ages (Grade 6) by P.
- 5) Jazzy Publishing Company (Grade 2) by
P. Martin http://www.anderson2.k12.sc.us/schools/mps/webquest1.htm
- Send A Jazz eCard. Share jazz with
a friend by selecting a favorite and sending
an eCard. You can find them at Jazz
Card from PBS or Email
Post Card from Jazz Roots.
- Graph The Relationship Of Jazz Music
Styles. Use Inspiration software to
produce a "graphic organizer" illustrating
the various styles of jazz music and the
relationships among and between them. Include
illustrations, significant characteristics,
time periods, representative performers, and
major events related to each of the
- Take An Online Jazz Quiz. See how
you do on one or all of the quizzes at
Jazz Quiz by T.L. Morgan at Jazz
- Analyze The Life and Achievements Of A
Jazz Performer. Select a person from jazz
music history. Research their life and
achievements. Develop a multimedia
presentation (Using PowerPoint,
webpage development, or other presentation
software) that highlights their life and
achievements. Be sure to identify and include
significant events and important influences.
Whenever possible and where appropriate,
include photographs, illustrations, and audio
clips of their music.
- Websites By Kids For Kids
That Jazz (1998 ThinkQuest Internet
- This project site provides the history of jazz,
American classical music, the stages of jazz including
its beginnings, swing era, bop era, and recent
developments as well as new stars. Short biographies of
some famous jazz musicians are also provided.
to the "Jazz Age" (2000 ThinkQuest Internet
- Here you can listen to jazz music, learn about the
legendary figures of jazz and basically leap to the past.
It is a precise and quick way to learn about jazz and its
Jazz (2000 ThinkQuest Junior Project)
- This project reviews the important elements of jazz
music including a brief history, famous musicians, jazz
styles, and the instruments used to create jazz.
- Related Jazz Projects from ThinkQuest
- 2) Jazz It Up (2001) http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112733/
- 3) Swing City (2002) http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0215452/
in Jazz Theory (2001 ThinkQuest Internet
- This site looks at what makes jazz music jazz and how
to play it. It was created for musicians of all levels --
from beginners to experienced players.
Renaissance: The Jazz Age by K. King
- This student report is about the Harlem Renaissance,
the evolution of jazz music, and jazz musicians during
the time period.
Internet Jazz Exploration (1999 ThinkQuest
- Our website was designed as a portal to provide links
to outstanding jazz websites, a brief history of jazz, a
theory and instruments section, plus chatrooms and
message boards -- all designed to help you learn more
about jazz music.
- More Websites
- Big Band and
Jazz Hall of Fame
- The "Hall" provides history, information about
inductees, and more.
- Big Band
- This comprehensive website is dedicated to jazz and
to swing history and to the music now known to the world
as "American popular song".
- Welcome to the official website for Birdland
featuring the clubs schedule, menu, CDs and a
history of this important jazz landmark.
- Other Popular Jazz Club Sites:
- 2) Blue Note http://www.bluenote.net/
- Here you find news, reviews, and information about
the latest releases.
- Golden Age of
Jazz from William P. Gottlieb
- Comprising of over sixteen hundred photographs, this
site documents the jazz scene from 1938-1948 (primarily
in New York City and Washington, DC). It also highlights
great photos of Holiday, Sinatra, Gillespie, Ellington,
and just about everyone who was anyone in the 1940s jazz
- Related Website:
- 2) William P. Gottlieb Photographs from the Golden
Age of Jazz from The Library of Congress
Association for Jazz Education (IAJE)
- This organization's mission is to assure the
continued worldwide growth and development of jazz and
from William and Gayle Cook Music Library,
Indiana University School of Music
- Here is a great collection of links to worldwide
Internet resources for jazz music.
Canadiana by H. Hill
- The authoritative site contains news, information,
biographies, and an extensive links section on jazz.
- Jazz Guitar
- This is the online information source for jazz
City: Paris of the Plains from Miller-Nichols
Library, Univ. of Missouri-Kansas City
- Explore the physical, musical, and political life of
the city during the jazz age of 1920-1940.
- Related Websites:
- 2) Chicago Part One from NPR Jazz Profiles
- 3) Chicago Part Two from NPR Jazz Profiles
- 4) Club Kaycee: Kansas City Jazz History from
Miller Nichols Library, Univ. of Missouri -
- Kansas City http://www.umkc.edu/orgs/kcjazz/
- 5) Swinging through Time: The Graystone Museum and
the Story of Detroit Jazz
Lives: Ladies of Jazz from 1930 to 1990 by I.
Rangel, K. Hicks, and K. Scott
- Here you learn about and see some photographs of each
decade's memorable jazz singers.
- Related Website:
- 2) Women in Jazz from PBS Jazz http://www.pbs.org/jazz/time/time_women.htm
- Red Hot Jazz
- The music called Jazz was born sometime around 1895
in New Orleans. Combining elements of ragtime, marching
band music, and blues, jazz was differentiated from these
earlier styles by its widespread use of improvisation,
often by more than one player at a time. The site is a
place to study and enjoy the music of the early
and Jazz by B.B. Raeburn from the Hogan Jazz
Archive, Tulane University
- This online exhibit uses rare antique photographs to
explore the unique connection between dance music and
- This links-site connects to information and resources
on Dixieland jazz.
- Jazz Magazines / Publications
- Jazz Radio Broadcasts / Webcasts
- Websites For Teachers
Jazz Music (Grades 9-12) from
- This unit contains four integrated lessons designed
for 45-55 minute class periods. students will attempt to
develop their individual and collective definitions of
- Related Lesson Plan from TeacherVision:
- 2) Jazz Talk Show (Grades 4-8) http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-4745.html
Ellington Centennial Celebration (Grades
- This lesson series will introduce Ellington's music
to your students.
Composers of the Twentieth Century (Grade 2) by
- This is a three-day lesson plan for teaching how to
research and report on jazz composers of the twentieth
century using literature and the Internet, particularly
the Library of Congress website.
in America from the Thelonious Monk Institute
- The mission is to provide public school-based jazz
education programs - -11th grade is online now, more to
Plans (Grades K-5) from PBS Jazz Kids
- This site has activities with accompanying lesson
plans for language arts, social studies, music, and
- Related Site from PBS:
- 2) Jazzy Lessons and Activities for K-12 Cats
Talk (Grades 6-12) from Discovery
- Students will analyze work songs, spirituals, blues,
and gospel songs in order to develop an appreciation for
the origins of jazz music.
call & response
- Created by