The Topic: 
Wetlands


Easier - Wetlands are marshy areas where there is much moisture in the soil. Wetlands are sometimes covered in water. Swamps, marshes, and bogs are some of the names used for wetlands.
 
Harder - "Wetlands are lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface or where shallow water covers the land and where at least one of the following attributes holds: 1) the land predominantly supports aquatic plants at least periodically; 2) undrained hydric soils are the predominant substrate; and 3) at some time during the growing season, the substrate is saturated with water or covered by shallow water." EPA definition at http://www.epa.gov/emap/html/dataI/wetlands/)
 
There are two basic types of wetlands : coastal (also known as tidal or estuarine wetlands) and inland (also known as non-tidal, freshwater, or palustrine wetlands).
 
 
America's Wetlands (Environmental Protection Agency) 
http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/wetlands/vital/wetlands.html
Exploring this web site will give you a better understanding of the rich variety of wetlands, their importance, how they are threatened, and what can be done to conserve them for future generations.
Related Webpage:
2) America's Wetlands: Our Vital Link Between Land and Water
http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/wetlands/vital/toc.html
 
Information on Wetlands 
http://h2osparc.wq.ncsu.edu/info/wetlands/
This site includes information on wetlands classification, functions, human impacts, protection programs, and more.
 
Fresh Water Wetlands
(Part of Marine Ecosystems, Missouri Botanical Garden by The Evergreen Project, Inc.) 
http://mbgnet.mobot.org/fresh/wetlands/index.htm
The term "wetlands" encompasses a wide variety of aquatic habitats. Swamps, marshes, bogs, prairie potholes, flood plains, and fen - these are all names for ecosystems known as wetlands.
 
Illinois Wetlands (Twin Groves Virtual Wetland Preserve) 
http://www.twingroves.district96.k12.il.us/Wetlands/Wetlands.html
As you explore each type of wetland area at this website, you will be introduced to the plants, mammals, insects, amphibians/reptiles, and birds which make their homes there.
Similar Websites:
2) California Wetlands Information System http://ceres.ca.gov/wetlands/
3) Louisiana Wetlands http://www.etrc.louisiana.edu/wetlands/
 
After exploring several of these wetlands websites, complete one or more of the following activities.
 
Take A Wetland Tour. Identify a nearby wetland area. Arrange to visit the area and observe the plants, insects, wildlife, everything about the landform. Inventory all the different plant and animals that you find there. Decide what type of wetland you have. Record what you find using a camera and recorder, making field notes and sketching specimens. Make two maps, one showing the wetland location and the other outlining its area. If you can't find a wetland area, you might visit an online wetland tour at The Lake Hills Greenbelt Trail. Visit the wetland during different seasons of the year. Identify all differences and changes. Put together a display of your findings - consider developing a multimedia presentation such as a webpage or Hyperstudio project.
 
Complete A Wetlands WebQuest. Adapt or follow the procedures found at one of these websites: 
1) Going To Gatorville (Grade 2-4) http://www.ced.appstate.edu/whs/goals2000/projects/98/lisa/webs
wamps.htm#teacher
2) Indiana Wetlands (Grade 9-12) http://www.plainfield.k12.in.us/hschool/webq/webq17/webque~1.ht
m
3) Nutria Rat: All About Bubba (Grade 4)http://teacher.esuhsd.org/webquests/webquests/nutria_rats/WQ039.html
 
Create A 'Save the Wetlands' Poster. Make a poster that conveys the need to protect and save our wetlands areas. See if you can display the finished poster at your school, public library, or other public building.
 
Organize A 'Cleanup the Wetlands' Project. If you have a wetlands area that has been neglected or mistreated, plan and organize a cleanup campaign. Make a presentation to local community groups in order to generate interest and backing for the project.
 
Write A 'Wetlands Story.' Identify an animal that lives in a wetland. Then write a short story about that animal. Your story could be "A Day in the Life' of the animal.
Websites By Kids For Kids
Conflict in the Wetlands (ThinkQuest Junior Project) 
http://tqjunior.advanced.org/4219/
Site was created as a worldwide wetland resource by students in South Florida. The project explores what young people can do to protect and preserve wetlands by sharing information worldwide.
 
A Duck's Web (ThinkQuest Junior Project) 
http://tqjunior.advanced.org/6235/
This wetlands site tells of Aquarena Springs in Texas and the ducks that live there.
 
InterWet: Your Wetlands Websource (ThinkQuest Project) 
http://library.thinkquest.org/17053/
Learn about the various types of wetlands, including marine, riverine, bog, bottomland, and more.
 
Korean Tidal Wetlands (ThinkQuest Project) 
http://dev99.advanced.org/28786/english/main.html
This website defines a tidalflat area, their function, life, and indicators of threats, and then suggests steps for preserving them.
 
Now You See It, Now You Don't: Vanishing Vernal Pools (ThinkQuest Project) 
http://library.advanced.org/2943/
Learn about the species and surrounding landscape common to these special wetlands. Many vernal pools appear in the late winter and spring and then "vanish" during in the late summer season. But in the spring and early summer months that these pools come alive and provide a habitat to unique plants and animals.
 
The Wadden Sea (ThinkQuest Project) 
http://library.advanced.org/11776/
Learn about a unique wetlands ecosystem that lies along the coast of the Netherlands and Denmark. This site includes the influences of the daily tides, river sedimentation, and local animal biology.
 
More Wetlands Sites
What is a Wetland?
http://www.nwf.org/kids/cool/wetland1.html
Test your knowledge about wetlands.
 
Flynn Bogs System Tour
(Department of Biology at Texas A & M University) 
http://csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/flynnbog/FB1.HTML
This website tour guides visitors through the unique system of bogs located in Leon County, Texas.
 
Lost Wetlands 
http://seawifs.gsfc.nasa.gov/OCEAN_PLANET/HTML/peril_wetlands.html
Site discusses the importance of wetlands.
 
Nature Walk (World Book) 
http://www2.worldbook.com/students/cybercamp_index.asp
Learn about life in the wetland, review articles and illustrations on wetland wildlife, and learn about different wetland wildlife each week. ( Click on Cyber Camp to get to Nature Walk and Wetlands.)
 
Salt Marshes, Mud Flats & Mangroves (Marine Ecosystems) 
http://mbgnet.mobot.org/salt/mudflats/index.htm
Salt marshes and mud flats are coastal ecosystems. Though somewhat similar to estuaries in some respects, each is an interesting ecosystem worth exploring in greater detail.
 
Tidal Marsh (Natural History of Nova Scotia Topics & Habitats) 
http://museum.gov.ns.ca/mnh/nature/nhns/h2/h2-5.htm
Here you can download a packet of information on the plants, animals, ecosystem, and physical aspects of marsh areas.
Related Websites:
2) Spartina Salt Marshes http://life.bio.sunysb.edu/marinebio/spartina.html
 
Wetlands 
http://inspire.ospi.wednet.edu:8001/curric/land/wetland/index.html#mid
Learn about four types of wetlands found in many areas around the world: emergent, forested, scrub, and aquatic.
 
Wetlands (National Park Service) 
http://www.nature.nps.gov/wrd/wrdwetl.htm
The term wetlands includes wet environments such as marshes, swamps, and bogs. They may be covered in shallow water most of the year, or be wet only seasonally (HTML version of brochure).
 
Wetlands 
http://edtech.kennesaw.edu/web/wetlands.html
This links-site connects you to several online wetland resources.
 
Teacher Sites
The Fragile Fringe 
http://www.lacoast.gov/Kids/FragileFringe/index.htm
This material is provided to help the teacher develop a comprehensive study of coastal wetlands.
 
Marshes & Wetlands (Bridge) 
http://www.vims.edu/bridge/marshes.html
Here you find some great teaching activities designed to accompany a visit to the National Aquarium in Baltimore, but some can be applied anywhere.
Related Website:
2) Marsh Mania! What Lives Here? http://www.aqua.org/education/teachers/marsh.html 
 
Marsh Market (Grade 2-8, Wonders of Wetlands) 
http://www.wetland.org/mshmarkt.html
Students construct a "living" wetland food web, then create their own web by tracing components of their lunches.
 
Wetlands Background Information 
http://inspire.ospi.wednet.edu:8001/curric/land/wetland/ttbkgd.html
This website is provided for teachers to establish the broader context for wetland classification.
 
Wetlands, Love'em and Leave'em (Grade 4-6) 
http://bellnet.tamu.edu/res_grid/cuecwl01.htm
This module will introduce a study of ecology and biomes, focusing on wetlands. It will demonstrate to the student the importance, values, and functions of wetlands to mankind and the ecology system.
 
Wetlands/Migration (Grades 2-6) 
http://yn.la.ca.us/cec/cecsci/cecsci.45.txt
Site contains a lesson plan designed to increase awareness for the need to protect our nation's wetlands.
 
Wetland Activities Geared to the Seven Intelligences at Wetlands 
http://inspire.ospi.wednet.edu:8001/curric/land/wetland/7intel.html
Here are lots of lesson activity ideas matched to Gardner's multiple Intelligences.
 

wetland

marsh

swamp

bog

water

fungi

freshwater

estuary

deepwater

salt marsh

mud flat

bacteria

prairie pothole

floodplain

fen

aquatic plant

grass

emergent

mangrove

freshwater

seasonal

flood control

coastal wetland

interdependent

salt water

tidal marsh

basin

playa

vernal pool

estuary

ecosystem

water quality

erosion control

wildlife habitat

riparian wetland

scrub

estuarine wetland

palustrine wetland

cattail

soil

hydric soil

shrub

watershed

filter

birds

dragonfly

plants

insects

 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 1/99, Updated, 4/00. Update by Nancy Smith 6/02