The Topic:
Weaving

Easier - Weaving means to make cloth and other objects. Threads or strands of material are passed under and over each other.
 
Harder - Weaving is the process of making cloth, rugs, blankets, and other products by crossing two sets of threads over and under each other. Weavers use threads spun from natural fibers like cotton, silk, and wool and synthetic fibers such as nylon and Orlon. But thin, narrow strips of almost any flexible material can be woven. People learned to weave thousands of years ago using natural grasses, leafstalks, palm leaves, and thin strips of wood.
 
Today weaving ranks as a major industry in many countries. Weaving is often completed on high speed looms. But weaving is not limited to cloth and textile products. Weaving plays an important part in the manufacture of screens, metal fences, and rubber tire cord. Craftworkers also use varied fibers to weave baskets and hats.
 
History of Navajo Weaving by L. Anderson & E. Anderson
http://www.americana.net/weaving.html
This research paper provides a chronological presentation of Navajo weaving development.
Related Websites:
2) Brief Social History of Navajo Weaving http://www.collectorsguide.com/fa/fa064.shtml
3) Classic and Contemporary Amerind Art, Navajo Rugs by S. Getzwiller http://www.navajorug.com/
4) Indian Weaving: A Brief History http://www.museumeducation.org/pdf/Weaving/INFO.PDF
5) Navajo Rugs: Styles on the Reservation http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/rugmap.html
6) History of Navajo Weaving http://www.toadlenatradingpost.com/honw.asp
7) Navajo Weaving by L. Bayless from Arizona Journal http://www.azjournal.com/navajo_weaving.htm
8) Short History of the Navajo Rug http://www.navajorugrepair.com/navajorug.htm
9) Thread of New Mexico from City of Albuquerque
http://www.cabq.gov/museum/releases/weaving1.resources.html
10)Woven by the Grandmothers from WETA http://www2.weta.org/productions/legacy/weaving/index.html
 
Ruthe's Collection of Weaving Resources by R. Stowe
http://home.interlynx.net/~rstowe/weave.htm
Here is a collection of links to weaving resources.
 
Tablet Weaving by M. Ricart
http://www.hi.is/%7Emartha/index.html
There are many different methods of tablet weaving. The tablets are the only tools needed, and there are many different methods and many possibilities.
Related Websites:
2) Basic Tablet Weaving by S. Goslee http://www.duke.edu/~scg3/basictw.html
3) Braid Weaving http://www.regia.org/braids.htm
4) Card Weaving by B. & R. Blankenship http://www.primitive.org/weaving.htm
5) Card Weaving by S. Carlson http://www.vikingage.com/vac/card.html
6) Phiala's String Page http://www.duke.edu/~scg3/string.html#tablet
7) Tablet Weaving http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Olympus/9100/tabweaving.htm
8) Tablet Weaving http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/MelanieWilson/tabletwe.htm
9) Tablet Weaving http://www.lothene.demon.co.uk/crafts8.html
10)Tablet Weaving Theory http://www.duke.edu/~scg3/twtheory.html
 
Weavershand
http://w3.thegroup.net/~janis/
This comprehensive information site for weavers has tons of resources for tablet weaving, Kumihimo, ply-splitting, and much, much more.
Related Websites:
2) Handweavers Guild of America, Inc. http://www.weavespindye.org/html/home.html
3) Spinning, Weaving and Wool http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Woods/7831/spinning.html
 
After visiting several of the websites on weaving, complete one or more of these related activities:
 
Complete An Online Carpet Activity. Learn about an Indian carpet as you complete the Carpet Hunt from The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
 
Complete A Weaving WebQuest. Adapt or follow the procedures found at the following webQuest site:
Weaving WebQuest (Grades 4-5) by P.J. McClung http://www.schools.pinellas.k12.fl.us/educators/tec/McClung2/webquest.html
 
Learn to Braid. You can find some online help at sites like (1) Plaiting, (2) Braiding, and (3) Upbraid Yourself and Others: The Basics of Braiding.
 
Plan A Spinning & Weaving Celebration. October 7-13, 2002 is 'Spinning & Weaving Week.' Plan a celebration. You will find a few ideas at Spinning and Weaving Week.
 
Weave. Start by visiting the sites for tablet weaving. Continue your investigations with Cardboard Loom Weaving and Weaving- Part Two by L.S. Pennington. Then complete at least one weaving project using one of the techniques described.
 
Compare and Contrast Weaving In Two Different Locations. Select two locations and compare the weaving. Look at the technology, patterns, colors, all aspects of the process. The two locations do not have to be at the same time in history.
 
Create A Weaving Poster. Before you start, make a plan. Decide what the focus of your poster on weaving will be - - historical, specific region, products, weaver, etc. Then design your poster layout to capture your audience's attention. Display the finished product.
 
Art and History of Weaving by S.C. Wylly
http://www.faculty.de.gcsu.edu/~dvess/ids/fap/weav.html
This site summarizes historical developments in the area of weaving and acquaints you with a variety of loom types, starting with the prehistoric and moving into the more complex modern-day machine.
Related Website:
2) History of Weaving http://www.alientravelguide.com/art/weaving/history/
 
Backstrap Loom of Jacaltenango, Guatemala
http://plato.ess.tntech.edu/cventura/backstraploom.htm
This website has a diagram of a backstrap loom and explains the working parts.
Related Websites:
2) Weavers Tell Their Stories http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/lesson8.html
3) Weaving With A Backstrap Loom http://www.manalagi.com/jamesplace/indonesia/fabric/bakstrap/index.html
 
Cardboard Loom Weaving (Grades 3-6) by C.C. Farris from Arts & Activities Magazine
http://www.artsandactivities.com/Page/article1201c.html
Beautiful weavings can be created with simple cardboard looms. The looms are cheap, easy to make, and can be used over and over
Related Websites:
2) Cardboard Loom http://www.museumeducation.org/pdf/Weaving/PROJECTS.PDF
3) Learn to Weave using a Cardboard Loom from All Fiber Arts
http://www.allfiberarts.com/library/aa01/aa040201.htm
4) Loom Weaving http://www.montessoriworld.org/Handwork/weave/weaving3.html
5) Weaving: Cardboard Loom http://members.aol.com/mrsspyboy/weaving1.htm
 
Ghana - Kente Cloth
http://members.aol.com/davilojo/p1.htm
Here is an online slide show demonstrating the traditional way of weaving Kente cloth.
Related Websites:
2) History of Ashanti Kente Cloth http://kente.midwesttradegroup.com/history.html
3) Kente http://www.ghana.com/republic/kente/index.html
4) Weaving Kente Cloth http://www.ontheline.org.uk/explore/journey/ghana/kentecr.htm
5) Wrapped in Pride from Fowler Museum of Cultural History
http://www.fmch.ucla.edu/exhibit/kente/meanings.html
   
Handweavers WebRing
http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Prairie/5787/weave.html
This webring connects sites containing information, pictures, or products, or handwoven items.
 
History of Carpets
http://www.carpetinfo.co.uk/pages/aboutpp/history.htm
Here you find a timeline for the history of carpeting.
Related Websites:
2) Carpet Weaving (Iran) http://www.salamiran.org/IranInfo/Culture/Arts/carpetweaving/
3) History form Persian Carpet House http://www.iranyellowpages.net/PersianCarpetHouse/History.htm
4) History of the Carpet Industry in the United States
http://www.carpet-rug.com/drill_down_2.cfm?page=10&sub=4
5) History of Oriental Rugs http://www.tapetology.com/history.htm
6) Turkish Carpets http://www.awildorchid.com/carpets.htm
7) Turkish Carpets and Rugs http://www.about-turkey.com/carpet/
 
Inkle Weaving by T. DeGarmo
http://www.inkleweaving.com/
The purpose of this set of notes is to get you started with inkle weaving.
 
Making Dyes Naturally
http://nmaa-ryder.si.edu/webzine/dyestart.htm
Learn about a group of sixth grade students who created their own dyes.
Related Websites:
2) Colonial Crafts Workshop: Dyeing and Weaving Yarns
http://hastings.ci.lexington.ma.us/classroom/colonial/weaving.html
3) Dying & Fibers from NativeWeb
http://www.nativeweb.org/resources/crafts_indigenous_technology/weaving_cordage/dyin
g_fibers/
 
Maya Weavers
http://mayanculture.com/maya_intro.html
In most Mayan villages, women weave cloth for their family's clothing or for ceremonial, artistic, and, increasingly, commercial purposes.
Related Websites:
2) Maya Women Weaving http://www.ddbstock.com/mweave2.html
3) Pictures of Mayan Textiles http://www.ddbstock.com/mayatex.html
 
Native American Finger Weaving in the Eastern Forests from NativeTech
http://www.nativetech.org/finger/belts.html
Finger weaving is a technique which evolved in many parts of the world, cultivated into a fine art by Native Americans.
Related Websites:
2) Native American Cordage http://www.nativetech.org/cordage/
3) Fingerweaving-Part 1 by R. Conn http://www.nativetech.org/seminole/sashes/instructions.php
 
Strip-Weaving
http://www.du.edu/duma/africloth/stripweave.html
Strip weaving traditions are common throughout West Africa.
 
Timeless History of Tapestry and Wall Hangings
http://www.io.com/~tapestry/
This website focuses on hand-woven tapestry art in France, England, Germany, and Italy from ancient times to more recent Thirteenth to the Eighteenth centuries.
 
Weaving from Complete Computer Solutions
http://www.iao.com/howthing/weavihtm.htm
This brief site is on the history of mechanical weaving.
Related Websites:
2) Handloom Weavers http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/TEXweaving.htm
3) History Of Weaving http://www.testrake.nl/wtweav.htm
4) Weaving on the Warp-Weighted Loom: Some Source Materials
http://www.cs.vassar.edu/~capriest/wwloom.html
5) William Radcliffe: On Power Looms, 1828 from Modern History SourceBook
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1828looms.html
 
Weaving from NativeWeb
http://www.nativeweb.org/resources/crafts_indigenous_technology/weaving_cordage/wea
ving/
This is a links-collection related to weaving.
Related Pages from NativeWeb:
2) Basketry http://www.nativeweb.org/resources/crafts_indigenous_technology/weaving_cordage/bask
etry/
3) Cordage & String
http://www.nativeweb.org/resources/crafts_indigenous_technology/weaving_cordage/cord
age_string/
4) Dying & Fibers
http://www.nativeweb.org/resources/crafts_indigenous_technology/weaving_cordage/dyin
g_fibers/
 
Weaving Art Museum
http://www.weavingartmuseum.org/
Weaving Art Museum and Research Institute (WAMRI) promotes appreciation for the historic weaving arts of the Eastern Mediterranean region.
 
Weaving In New Mexico
http://www.guestlife.com/newmexico/artisans/artisansweavers.html
The ancient weavers of New Mexico found a way to use their looms as an extension of nature by recreating the patterns of the wind, the endless expanse of sky and the graceful symmetry of the mountains.
Related Websites:
2) Doña Agueda Martínez http://nmaa-ryder.si.edu/webzine/agueda.htm
3) Rio Grande Weaving Tradition http://nmaa-ryder.si.edu/webzine/rg1.htm
4) Thread of New Mexico from Albuquerque Museum
http://www.cabq.gov/museum/releases/weaving1.resources.html
5) Wool Festival at Taos http://www.taoswoolfestival.org/Page2.html
 
Weaving in Tamil Nadu from Chennai Online
http://www.chennaionline.com/artscene/craftpalace/history/weaving.asp
Here is a brief article on the history of weaving in India.
 
World of Beduin Weaving by J.M. Hilden.
http://www.beduinweaving.com/
This site has information about the declining crafts of weaving, spinning and dyeing by Arabian nomads, the Beduin.
Not-To-Be-Missed Section:
2) Beduin Weaving Looms http://www.beduinweaving.com/webarchive/loom/loom01.htm
 
Websites For Teachers
Abuela's Weave (Grade's K-4)
http://www.leeandlow.com/teachers/guide3.html
Here is an online study guide to accompany the book by Omar S. Castañeda.
 
'Braiding and Weaving' Dance Lesson Plan (Grade 4) by A. McDonnell
http://www.imonk.com/angela/lessons/weaving.html
Students learn that there are numerous ways to braid and weave.
 
Early American Weaving from TeachersFirst
http://www.teachersfirst.com/summer/weaving.htm
Experience the Native American and Colonial American art of weaving with this activity that uses a modern twist on a traditional craft. Follow these simple instructions and create a woven belt or sash.
 
Navajo Blanket from Arts Ed Net
http://www.getty.edu/artsednet/resources/Maps/navajo.html
This site has discussion questions and curriculum information about Navajo weaving.
Related Lesson Plans:
2) Navajo Weaving from Museum of New Mexico http://www.museumeducation.org/curricula_activity_weaving.html
3) Navaho Rug (Grade K) http://www.askeric.org/Virtual/Lessons/crossroads/sec3/k2/unit1/u1Kl1.html
4) Weaving Navajo Rugs (Grades 3-5) by J. Dalke
http://www.lessonplanspage.com/SSLAArtNativeNavajo-WeavingRugs35.htm
5) Weaving as a Way of Life from Navajo Art http://www.getty.edu/artsednet/resources/Navajo/Weav/
 
Paper Weaving Lesson Plan from Dick Blick (Grades K-7)
http://www.dickblick.com/lessonplans/paperweaving/
In this project, the student will use two pieces of colored construction paper to produce a woven paper mat.
Related Lesson:
2) Paper Weaving from Learning Network, Inc.
http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-3259.html
 
True Colors from Lemelson Ctr. for Study of Invention and Innovation, Smithsonian
Institution
http://www.si.edu/lemelson/centerpieces/whole_cloth/u3tc/index.html
Students gain a hands-on understanding of the skills, materials, and equipment involved in the dyeing process.
 
Weaving Board Activities by M. Cherinda from SunSITE Southern Africa
http://sunsite.wits.ac.za/math/weaving.htm#top
This article explains the use of a 'weaving board' as a way to introduce and develop mathematical ideas in the classroom.
Other Math Lessons on Weaving:
2) Fashion Design: Patterns and Weaving (Grades 8-11) from PBS Teachersource
http://www.pbs.org/teachersource/mathline/concepts/designandmath/activity3.shtm
  
weaving
dye
wool
warp
rug
spinning wheel
tapestry
weft face
long staple
blanket
fiber & fabric
carpet
thread
bobbin
sheep
cordage
handweave
shuttle
Churro Sheep
braid
loom
twining
natural
power loom
synthetic
cloth
textile
plait
clothing
batten
card
spider web
weaving comb
motif
pattern
loom
 
  
 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 5/02.