The Topic:
Skeletal System

Easier - A skeleton is an inner framework made of bone and cartilage. Bones are the hard material of a skeleton. The skeleton supports and/or protects the softer body parts of a fish, bird, or human. These animals are called vertebrates. They all have a backbone.
 
Harder - The skeleton is the flexible, bony framework found in all vertebrate animals. The skeleton maintains a body shape, protects vital organs, and provides a system of muscle levers that allow body movement. The skeleton contains bone marrow, the blood-forming tissues of the body. Bone marrow stores needed minerals such as calcium and phosphorus and releases them into the blood.
 
A human skeleton generally forms about 206 separate bones out of cartilage as it develops to maturity. Bones are connected to adjacent bones by joints. Joints are either movable as in the arm and leg or immovable as in the skull.
 
Facts About Fractures and Broken Bones from KidsHealth
http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/ill_injure/aches/broken_bones.html
Breaking a bone can be a pretty big deal, but it happens to lots of kids. This site can answer questions about broken bones.
Related Websites:
2) Big Story on Bones from KidsHealth
http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/body/bones_SW.html
 
Human Skeleton from Enchanted Learning
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/anatomy/skeleton/Skelprintout.shtml
This site provides basic information about our skeleton plus a Human Skeleton Printout.
 
Skeletal System from Your Gross and Cool Body, Discovery Communications Inc.
http://yucky.kids.discovery.com/noflash/body/pg000124.html
Here you can learn about bones and why they are so important.
Related Websites:
2) Electronic Textbook on The Human Skeleton by L.M. Rossi
http://www.ecsu.ctstateu.edu/depts/edu/textbooks/skeleton.html
3) Human Skelton from Kidport http://www.kidport.com/RefLib/Science/HumanBody/BodyBones.htm
4) Skeletal System http://www4.tpgi.com.au/users/amcgann/body/skeletal.html
5) Skeletal System http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/biology/humananatomy/skeletal/skeletalsystem.html
6) Skeletal System from Human Anatomy Online
http://www.innerbody.com/image/skelfov.html
7) Skeletal System from Human Body Adventure
http://vilenski.org/science/humanbody/hb_html/skeleton.html
8) Skeletal System http://www.sc2000.net/~czaremba/explanations/skeletal.html
 
Skeleton from BrainPop
http://www.brainpop.com/health/skeletal/
Pick up some knowledge about bones at this site.
Other Not-To-Be-Missed Sections from BrainPop:
2) Broken Bones (Online Video) http://www.brainpop.com/health/skeletal/brokenbones/index.weml
3) Skeleton (Online Video) http://www.brainpop.com/health/skeletal/skeleton/index.weml
  
After visiting several of the websites, complete one or more of the following activities.
 
Complete A Skeletal System Crossword Puzzle. Test your knowledge with this online crossword puzzle: The Skeletal System by M. Anderson. Follow up with the Skeleton System Word Search. An alternative activity would be to create your own crossword puzzle or word search for the skeletal system at DiscoverySchool's Puzzlemaker.
 
Take An Online Skeletal System Quiz. You can start with one or more of the following: (1) Skeletal System Self-Quiz from The Human Body Adventure, (2) Bones, Bones, and More Bones, and (3) The Skeletal System.
 
Create A Travel Brochure for the Human Skeletal System. You or your team have been hired as travel consultant(s) to design a brochure for a luxury tour through the human body's skeletal system. Be sure to highlight the trendy spots, all exciting activities, and the imports and exports of the areas. For insurance considerations, point out all possible dangers or special precautions that tourists might encounter in their visit.
 
Play Some Bone Games. Find several at the Bones Exhibit from The Children's Museum of Indianapolis.
 
Complete A Skeleton WebQuest. Adapt or follow the procedures found at the following webQuest sites:
1) Bare Bones Facts http://teach.fhu.edu/technology/EDU506/WebQuests/BreaknBones/BreaknBones2.html
2) Bones, Bones, Bones . . . (Grade 7) by Y.K. Stuewe
http://can-do.com/uci/ssi2002/bones.html
3) Bone Up On Bones (Grades 4-6) by E. Johnson http://www.allabery.com/courses/webquest/johnson/
4) Human Skeletal System (Grades 4-5) by C. Boguen http://www.sad34.net/webquests/SkeletonQuest/
5) You and Your Bones (Grade 3) by S. Daly
http://www.community.k12.mo.us/webquest/daly/quest.htm
 
Compare the Skeletons of a Human, Gorilla, and Baboon. Visit the eSkeltons Project created by the University of Texas at Austin and compare and contrast the skeletons of two animal groups.
 
Websites By Kids For Kids
Amazing Backbone (1998 ThinkQuest Junior Project)
http://tqjunior.thinkquest.org/4131/
This site teaches about the backbone; what the backbone is and what it does.
 
Skeletal System (Section within Human Body, 1999 ThinkQuest Junior Project)
http://tqjunior.thinkquest.org/5777/ske1.htm
This project explains about bones and joints.
 
Skeletal System (Section within BodyQuest, 3rd place Award in Science and Mathematics,1997 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
http://library.thinkquest.org/10348/find/content/skeletal.html
Here you find information about the basic skeletal system, the endoskeleton, the axial skeleton, the appendicular skeleton, and joints.
 
Skeletal System Grades 9-12 (Section within Nature's Best: The Human Body, 1996 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
http://library.thinkquest.org/2935/Natures_Best/Nat_Best_Low_Level/skeletal_page.L.html
This site describes the axial skeleton, appendicular skeleton, bone structure, and three types of bone composition
 
More Websites
Guided Tour of the Visible Human
http://www.madsci.org/~lynn/VH/
The animations and images in this tour use digitized sections of the body to demonstrate planes of section and other introductory concepts in anatomy.
Related Website:
2) Virtual Body http://www.ehc.com/vbody.asp
 
Joints in the Human Skeleton
http://www.saburchill.com/chapters/chap0008.html#Link
Here you can learn and see the different types of body joints.
 
Meet "Yorick," the Bionic Skeleton from U.S. Food and Drug Administration
http://www.fda.gov/oc/opacom/kids/html/yorick_no.1.htm
Yorick is a "bionic" skeleton. Bionic means electronic devices and mechanical parts (called medical devices or implants) are used in place of real body parts that are damaged or that no longer work.
 
Skeleton from Human Body, BBC Online
http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/standard/skeleton.shtml
The site contains descriptions and an interactive diagram showing how the human skeleton works
Related Websites:
2) Bone Box http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/meded/grossanatomy/learnem/bones/main_bone.htm
3) Exploring the Skeletal System http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~bioman/bones/bones.html
4) Human Skeleton (Grades 5-6) from MEDtropolis (Requires Shockwave)
http://www.medtropolis.com/VBody.asp
5) Skeletal System http://www.bio.psu.edu/faculty/strauss/anatomy/skel/skeletal.htm
6) Skull Module from California State University, Chico
http://www.csuchico.edu/anth/Module/skull.html
 
Skeletal System from Gander Academy
http://www.stemnet.nf.ca/CITE/skeletal.htm
This is a link collection for an elementary curriculum on the skeletal system.
 
Websites For Teachers
Bones from Newton's Apple
http://ktca.org/newtons/14/bones12.html
This site explains how bones get strong, how the human body and a house are alike, and what our skeletal system does. Student activities are included.
Another Teacher Guide from Newton's Apple:
2) Broken Bones http://www.ktca.org/newtons/10/brokenbone.html
 
Bones, Bones, and More Bones (Grades 2-3) by J. Walker from Science and Mathematics Initiative for Learning Enhancement (SMILE)
http://www.iit.edu/~smile/bi9711.html
Students will be able to describe the functions of bones in the human body and more.
Related Lesson Plans from SMILE Program:
2) The Bone Connection by E. Artis http://www.iit.edu/~smile/bi8702.html
3) Cervical Vertebrae (Grade 8) by A.L. Gilbert http://www.iit.edu/~smile/bi9504.html
 
Give Me A Break (Grades 3-4) from Discovery School
http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/givemeabreak/
Students create and administer a survey and then present their findings.
 
I Know, I Wonder: An Introduction to Bones (Grades 5-9) from CanTeach
http://www.canteach.ca/elementary/life7.html
Student will examine the bones of animals and record what they already know about bones and what they wonder about bones.
 
Leg Bone is Connected to the... (Grades 3-4)
http://student.biology.arizona.edu/sciconn/skeleton_lesson.html
This lesson will deal with the skeletal system and it's importance in movement, protection, and support.
 
Skeletal System Instructional Activities (Grade 2) from Henry County School System, McDonough, GA
http://www.henry.k12.ga.us/cur/mybody/skel_lessons.htm
This site is a collection of instructional activities for teaching about the skeletal system of the human body.
 
Skeleton
http://www4.tpgi.com.au/users/amcgann/body/skeletal/large_skeletal.jpg
Here is a printable diagram of the human skeleton.
Related Website:
2) Skeleton Worksheet http://www.asd.wednet.edu/EagleCreek/Barnard/wl/bs/skelws.html or http://www.asd.wednet.edu/EagleCreek/Barnard/wl/bs/skelws.doc (MSWord)
 
skeleton
ligament
structure
muscular system
axial skeleton
bone
tendon
cardiovascular system
appendicular skeleton
broken bone
protection
mineral storehouse
vertebrae
male
fuse
respiratory system
spinal column
joint
living cell
female
pivot
blood cell production
ball & socket
hollow
muscle attachment
immovable joint
hinge
movable joint
rib cage
body support
marrow
cranial
movable frame
ossification
gliding
skull
calcium
periosteum
fluoroscope
osteocyte
cartilage
bone cell
 
  
 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 9/02.