The Topic:
Papermaking

Easier - Paper is a sheet material made from fibers of wood, grass, or cotton. It can be used for writing, printing, and packaging.
 
Harder - Paper is made from cellulose fibers that are found in all plant cell walls. The fibers may come from any one of several plant sources such as wood, bamboo, cotton, esparto, hemp, jute, sugar cane, wheat, or rice. However in North America, wood is the major source of paper making fibers. A mixture of water and fibers is filtered through a fine screen to form a sheet of paper. As the wet sheet is dried, chemical bonds are formed between the molecules in the cellulose fibers to give the paper its strength.
 
Paper University
http://www.tappi.org/paperu/
This website has lots of paper information, activities, lesson plans, and more. It includes a good procedure for papermaking.
  
Paper ---A to Z Science--DiscoverySchool.com
http://school.discovery.com/homeworkhelp/worldbook/atozscience/p/413380.html
Learn about how paper is made, special kinds of paper, and the history of paper.
 
Robert C. Williams American Museum of Paper making
http://www.ipst.edu/amp/
You can find out when this craft was invented, and view a collection of watermarks, papers, tools, and manuscripts.
 
You Can Make Paper
http://www.beakman.com/paper/paper.html
Here is a recipe for making recycled paper, with an adult's help.
Similar Websites:
2) Make Your Own Paper! A Recipe http://www.aifq.qc.ca/english/games/recipe.html
3) Papermaking-An Art for All Ages http://www.bestweb.net/~gomezmil/paper.html
  
Explore several of the websites below; then complete a paper making project or activity:
 
Imagine a Day without Paper. Visit the Mead and Pulp and Paperworkers' Resource Council, Maine sites to learn about paper and paper products. Pretend that you live in a time and place where the processes for paper making were never discovered. Write a story about everyday life that is set in your world without paper. Did you use paper to write your story; if paper were not available, what could you do?
 
Develop a Paper Making Timeline. First take a look at sites like Robert C. Williams American Museum of Paper making, Mead, and History of Paper. Then develop a timeline that shows the history of paper making. After completion, compare your timeline to the one found at Pulp and Paperworkers' Resource Council, Maine.
 
Construct a Paper Products Display. Collect and assemble a display of paper products. Try to show as much variety in your collection as possible. Include labels and descriptions for your museum. Place your exhibit at the library, in your school, or on a website.
 
Make Your Own Paper. After visiting sites like You Can Make Paper, Learn2 Make Homemade Paper, Recycled Paper, Papermaking and Make Your Own Paper! A Recipe, try your hand at making paper. See if you can make paper from different materials. Compare the results. Think about different types of paper and uses. You may want to use your hand made paper to Make an Artist Book.
 
Begin a Paper Recycling Project. Visit Recycling and learn about the recycling of paper. Then research ways to recycle paper in your community. For one month, collect and recycle paper products. Keep a record of the amount and types of paper materials collected. Put together a display of your paper recycling project.
 
More Sites!
American Museum of Papermaking by R.C. Williams 
http://www.ipst.edu/amp/
Learn about the history of paper and papermaking technology.
 
Ancient Egyptian Papyrus
http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/prehistory/egypt/dailylife/papyrus.html
Learn about the use of papyrus and its method of production in ancient Egyptian society.
 
History of Paper
http://www.wipapercouncil.org/homepage.htm
Take a step-by-step tour of the papermaking process and learn some fun facts and activities.
 
History of Paper and Papermaking at About.com
http://inventors.about.com/education/inventors/library/inventors/blpapermaking.htm
This site links to wide spectrum of papermaking information resources. 
 
Mead
http://www.mead.com/
Look for the "Facts on Paper" section to learn about the history of paper and how paper is made.
 
Papermaking
http://gort.ucsd.edu/preseduc/papermak.htm
This site contains simplified procedures for the traditional methods of making paper.
 
Paper making Process
http://mlhart.com/paper/papermake.htm
This site has lots of pictures and an artist's description outlining the process of making fine hand-made paper.
 
Pulp and Paperworkers' Resource Council, Maine
http://www.pprcmaine.org/
This site includes the history of paper, instructions for hands-on paper making, and information on the paper making industry.
Similar Website:
2) Paper in Wisconsin http://www.wipapercouncil.org/homepage.htm
 
Recycling from Pulp and Paper Manufacturers Federation of Australia
http://www.ppmfa.com.au/recycling.htm
This website contains frequently asked questions about recycled paper.
 
Website for Teachers
Positively Paper
http://www.eecs.umich.edu/mathscience/funexperiments/agesubject/lessons/other/una3.html
This lesson helps learners understand the chemical processes involved in recycling paper and recognize the environmental issues in using and recycling different kinds of paper. 
 
Making a Papyrus Scroll
http://www.vigoco.k12.in.us/~consel/papyrus.html
Three steps to make a papyrus scroll.
 
Prairie Paper Project (Grade 5-10) 
http://www.cs.uiowa.edu/~jones/prairiepaper.html
This website has procedures for making paper from straw.
  
cellulose
papyrus
watermark
parchment
paper making
Egypt
recycled paper
wood pulp
lignin
cells
cardboard
sheet
newsprint
China
sizing
screen
origami
fiber
100% recyclable
recycled
trees & forests
plant fiber
cellulose
acid
mold
deckle
'couching'
pulp
strainer
drying
calender
hand-made paper
dye
deckled edge
straw
slurry
 
  
 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson 1/99, Updated 9/01.