- Easier - Glaciers are
rivers of ice that move very slowly. They can take a
year to move as far as you can walk in a few minutes.
When a piece of a glacier breaks off and floats in the
water, it's called an iceberg.
- Harder - Glaciers
form high in mountain valleys (valley glaciers) and in
polar regions (continental glaciers) where the snow
falls but never melts. The heavy snow crushes the
layers below and forms a mountain of ice. As the
glacier moves slowly down the mountain, it grinds
against the ground and the walls of the valley to make
it deep and wide. Glaciers cover about six million
square miles which is about three percent of the
About Glaciers (National Snow and Ice Data
- What is a glacier? How is a glacier formed? Why do
glaciers move? What are the components of a glacier?
Where are glaciers located? What types of glaciers are
there? How do glaciers affect the land, people? Are
glaciers dangerous? How do glaciers reflect climate
The Vermont Whale: Glaciers and the Glacial
- What are glaciers? How do they form? What are the
physical effects of glaciers? Can these effects be
seen here in Vermont? How frequently do Ice Ages
occur? When did the last glacial age end? Will
glaciers again advance over North America?
- Find information about glaciers, the global
climate, living in and studying Antarctica, animal
life at the poles, and more!
Power by D. Sandberg (University of Alaska
- Meet your guides, the ice worms, who lead you
through this online earth science unit on
- Using the websites, complete one or more
of the following activities:
- Select a role and use the links below
to solve the problem or create a
- Glacier Artist. You're an artist
exploring the beauty of glaciers. Create a
picture showing how a glacial area might
change over millions of years. Create the
picture as a series of panels like a
- Glacier Forecaster. You're a
weather forecaster trying to predict the next
ice age. Based on information about past ice
ages, global climate, and other factors,
create a chart showing the past, present, and
future of glaciers.
- Glacier Reporter. Write about what
you think it might be like to live near a
glacier. Read personal experiences on
Glacier Homepage. Locate a school near a
glacier. Interview a student there via email
to find out what it's like to live near a
glacier. Use the Web66:
International School Web Site Registry to
locate a school on the Internet. Compare your
original ideas with the interview
- Glaciologist. There are many types
of glaciers. Use the All
About Glaciers (National Snow and Ice
Data Center) to explore each type. Create
a pretend island off the coast of Greenland.
Give the island a name, and create a wall
chart showing each type of glacier. Create
'flip card' labels that describe each
- In the News. Read articles about
News and Glaciers
in the News. Take one of the news stories
and create a short news video. http://ak.water.usgs.gov/glaciology/news/
- Glacier Photographer. Copy one of
the pictures from the Glacier
Image Database into a word processor.
Write a story about an adventure set on the
glacier. Be sure to use the science of
glaciers in your story.
- Junior Glaciologist. After
learning all about glaciers, find out more by
submitting a question to a glaciologist at
in the News site.
- Complete a WebQuest. Adapt or
follow the directions found at one of the
following webQuest sites:
- 1) Glaciers (Grade 6) by K.
- 2) Webquest for Glacier National Park
- 3) Glaciers and Glaciation by J. M.
- Websites By Kids For Kids
- This student project discusses the different types
of glaciers. It also describes glaciers of the past
- This web project focuses on Glacier National
- This page about glaciers is part of a larger
project on snow. It contains simple drawing of a
- This ThinkQuest project focuses on the impact of
glaciers on what is now the Chicago area.
- A Few More Websites
- Alaska Science Forum (Geophysical Institute,
University of Alaska, Fairbanks)
- Here are selected text articles about glaciers
- 1) Surging Glaciers by F. Pedersen http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF2/241.html
- 2) How Glaciers Move by T. N. Davis http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF4/415.html
- 3) Glacial Erosion by T. N. Davis http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF4/416.html
- 4) Columbia Glacier Retreating by L. Gedney
- 5) The Columbia Glacier by L. Mayo http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF6/667.html
- 6) Touring the Inside of a Glacier by L. Gedney
- 7) Don't Build On A Glacier's Right-Of-Way by L.
- 8) Black Rapids Glacier Galloped to Fame in 1937
by N. Rozel http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF13/1342.html
Glaciers from the U.S. Geological
- USGS operates a long-term 'benchmark' glacier
program to monitor climate, glacier motion, glacier
mass balance, glacier geometry, and stream runoff at a
few sites in Alaska and Washington State. Here you can
ask a question of a glaciologist/
- Sections Within the Website:
- 2) Questions and Myths http://ak.water.usgs.gov/glaciology/FAQ.htm
- 3) Glaciers in the News http://ak.water.usgs.gov/glaciology/news/
of Alpine Glaciation by M. Mustoe
- This website has information on glaciers and
various types of glacial movement.
Image Database (University of
- Here are images of glaciers from around the
- This links-page connects to hundreds of
of Ice from the National Park
- This site from Olympic National Park provides
information about glaciers.
- Another Related NPS Website:
- 2) National Park Geology Tour: Glaciers
and Glaciation Links from the U.S.
- This site links to good glacier
- Climb around on glaciers and study things that
have gotten trapped inside them.
- Websites For Teachers
Earth (Grade 3-4)
- Here is a lesson to help learners understand that
the Earth's surface is continually changing and
consider the effect of glaciers.
Plans by Dr. Chip at Glacier
- This is a teachers guide for an earth science
curriculum unit on glaciers.
- Created by
Johnson, Updated by