- Easier - A cave is
a large hole. It may be underground, in the side of
a hill or mountain, or under a cliff. A cavern is a
- Caves are natural shelters. Animals often live
in caves. A person who lives in a cave is called a
cave dweller. During prehistoric times, cave
dwellers painted pictures on the cave walls.
- Harder - A cave is
an underground hollow or passage that is formed
when water runs through an area with enough force
to dissolve or wear away rock. Over many years as
the water evaporates and simply drips, it leaves
tiny deposits of calcium carbonate (calcite). These
drops form rock sculptures that look like icicles
called stalactites and stalagmites. Stalactites
hang from the ceiling and stalagmites form from the
ground up. To remember the difference, stalactites
have a 'c' in the word for 'ceiling' and
stalagmites have a 'g' for 'ground.' If they come
together in the center, they become columns.
Theme Page from Gander Academy
- This comprehensive website for caves includes
cave types, animals and plants, cave uses,
exploration of caves, cave features, teacher
resources, and more.
Caves from the U.S. Geological
- This website describes the different types of
caves, their care and protection, defines cave
dwelling animals, and shows where caves are located
in the U.S.
World of Caves
- This online class examines the geology and
ecology of caves. The course also describes safe
methods of cave exploration.
- Browse the mineral wonders unique to the cave
environment! Here are collected images from around
the world, combined to generate an 'ideal' cave . .
. one that contains an example of every major type
of speleothem, or secondary mineral deposit.
- Choose one or more of the following
cave projects or activities.
- Try Some Cave Fun. Try some
cave activities at the Kentucky
Activities and Cave
of the Winds sites. You might also
want to explore a cave at Pathways
(Part of the Mysteries of the Caminos
Reales ThinkQuest Project) to find a
- Create Your Own Cave Art. Check
out some of the ancient cave art at sites
grotte de Lascaux (move your
pointer/flashlight), and Virtual
Tour of Cave Painting. If you lived in
a cave, what would you paint? Go to
Cave Paintings and follow the
directions to create your own cave
- Virtual Tour. Explore the
Armchair Caver, Colossal
Pavement, and Ruby
Falls Virtual Tour. Create your own
cave tour using HyperStudio. Create a
stack that contains examples of
stalactites and stalagmites, columns,
waterfalls, and other cool features.
- Complete a Cave WebQuest.
Follow the procedures at one of these
- 1) Bats,Bats, Everywhere http://members.aol.com/bats4kids/
- 2) Bat WebQuest (Grade 2) http://www.wcboe.k12.md.us/mainfold/schoopag/elementary/param
- 3) Cave Art by C. Royal (Grade 6)
- 4) Cave Exploration in Wisconsin
- 5) Going Batty by N. Cope http://webtech.kennesaw.edu/ncope/webquest.htm
- 6) Spelunking Fun!! http://www.esc9.net/c&i/Caves/caves%20web.htm
- Write A Cave Story. After
learning about caves, write your own story
about a cave. Illustrate it with your own
artwork. Share it with friends.
- Complete An Online Cave Course.
Go to the Underground
World of Caves and study the geology
and ecology of caves and safe methods of
- Website By Kids For Kids
and Caverns ( 2001 Junior Project)
- Learn about different types of caves, how caves
are formed, cave creatures, and formations.
- This site contains information and
illustrations of all kinds of bats.
Tube Caves Near Bend, Oregon
- Learn about cave exploration, safety,
formations, and lots more at this site by fourth
grade students in Oregon.
Wonderland: Caves, Caverns, and
- (2000 ThinkQuest Junior Project)
- This website takes visitors on visits to a
variety of U.S. caves and caverns as well as some
abroad. Explore the different natural formations
and animal life that live there.
in the Deep and Dark (1998 ThinkQuest
- This site covers caving, and tunnels.
- More Websites on Caves
- Explore clickable maps that link to photographs
of the cave. The maps are just hand drawn and don't
show all passages.
from the Illinois Natural History
- Within caves a diverse biota may be found,
exhibiting varying degrees of adaptation to the
subterranean environment. Here you find information
and links about cave habitats and fauna, as well as
cave protection and related topics.
- Learn more about cave dwellers, a term used to
designate ancient people who occupied caves in
various parts of the world.
of the Winds
- The site includes cave terms, a full glossary
with pictures as well as a cave quiz and bat
by G. Baddeley
- This site contains a small collection of
articles and papers on caving, photographs, and
links to some other caving resources.
Goes Underground by R. Johnson and M.
- This article reminds us that caves have unique
rock formations, fragile species of wildlife, and
cool, clear, flowing waters . . . all needing
Rescue Guide from the Oxford University
- This is the site of a brief online guide to
carrying out a cave rescue.
of Caves at Kentucky Caverns
- Here you learn how caves are formed.
- Related Websites:
- 2) Cave Ecology http://www.kdu.com/caveecol.html
- 3) Caver's Glossary and Tips http://www.kdu.com/caveglos.html
- 4) Formation of Caves by J. Stanley http://www.scsc.k12.ar.us/StanleyJ/Default.htm
- 5) How Caves in This Area Were Formed from
Mammoth Cave Online http://www.mammothcave.com/howformd.htm
- 6) Glossary of Cave Terms from Mammoth Cave
of Speleological and Caving Terms
Australian Speleological Federation
- This Australian caving glossary was developed
form the earlier publications of J.N. Jenninngs
(1960, 1985) and M.G. Meth (1998).
- Find the cave entrance, click and enter for a
brief fun trip into a cave in the potholing region
of North Yorkshire.
- This is the comprehensive website of an
organization dedicated to cave study, conservation,
- Related Websites:
- 2) Wisconsin Speleological Society http://www.caves.org/grotto/wss/
Caves and Subterranean Habitats from
Oakland Museum of California
- Take an online tour of sea caves, mud caves,
lava tubes, talus caves, and wind caves.
- Visit Online Caves
of the Kingdom of Saudia Arabia
- Here you can view cool reports and pictures of
the caves of the Saudi Arabian desert.
Caverns State Park
- Kartchner Caverns State Park is a wet 'live'
cave where water still percolates from the surface
and calcium carbonate features are still
- Learn about a legendary cave whose known
passages stretch under the ground for over 6000
meters. This is only the part which has already
been explored. To this day old slides and
crumblings make it unsafe to determine the total
length of the passages.
grotte de Lascaux (Cave of
- Take a virtual tour of this cave in the
Pyrenees renowned for more than 1500 Paleolithic
paintings on the walls.
- Related Cave Painting Websites:
- 2) Cave of Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/chauvet/en/
- 3) Paleolithic Painted Cave of Lascaux
- 4) Lascaux: A Virtual Reality Installation
- 5) Virtual Tour of Cave Painting http://www.hbschool.com/activity/cavepaintings/cavepaintings.html
que viven en España (In
- Explore the caves of Spain and learn about
bats. Identify different species. Find out why they
live in the caves, and how they are protected by
Geology of Cave and Karst Parks (National
- This page lists parks that have a common
geologic theme (caves) and links to webpages about
each park's geologic features
- Related NPS Website:
- 2) Cave and Karst Resources http://www2.nature.nps.gov/grd/geology/caves/index.htm
Falls Virtual Tour
- Here you find information on caves and how they
- Related Webpage:
- 2) Geology http://www.rubyfalls.com/about/geology.html
- Cave Creature Websites
About Bats! by K. Mitchell/
- This website has information, activities, and
lesson plans on bats.
- Other Bat Sites:
- 2) Bats http://www.cccoe.k12.ca.us/bats/
- 3) Bats from Jaguar Paw http://www.jaguarpaw.com/Bats.html
- 4) Bats, Bats Everywhere http://members.aol.com/bats4kids/
- 5) The Bat Cave http://www.torstar.com/rom/batcave/index.html
- 6) Bat Conservation International http://www.batcon.org/
- 7) Fun Facts About Bats http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/adv/kidspage/bats/bats.htm
- 8) Introduction to Bats from U.S. Fish &
- 9) Let's Learn About Bats from
at Collossal Cave Mountain Park, Tucson,
- Colossal Cave Mountain Park serves as home or
way station to almost half the bat species found in
the state of Arizona, including some rare and
- Other Sites on Cave Bats:
- 2) The Bat Cave http://www.torstar.com/rom/batcave/
- 3) Bats Bats Everywhere http://members.aol.com/bats4kids/
- See also Creatures
of the Night
Creatures from Cool Fact of the
- Here you learn about animals that spend their
entire lives in underground caves, living in
- Similar Websites:
- 2) Cave Critters http://www.umsl.edu/~joellaws/ozark_caving/mss/cavelife.htm
- 3) Biospeleology http://www.utexas.edu/depts/tnhc/.www/biospeleology/
- Websites For Teachers
Bats, Caves, & Deserts from the
National Park Service
- Here is the teachers guide (Go to Teacherguide)
to Carlsbad Caverns National Park.
- This lesson plan has some built-in resources
and a classroom activity.
Caves from the U.S. Geological
Survey (Grades K-3)
- This site contains lesson plans and activities
for learning about caves.
Batty! (Grade K)
- Here is an extensive plan for a unit on
- Other Bat Lessons and Activities:
- 2) Bats - Helpful Creatures of the Night (Grade
3) from Access Indiana's Teaching
- Learning Center http://tlc.ai.org/lessons/batlp.htm
- 3) Thematic
Lesson on Bats (Grade K-3) by K. Mitchell and
from Environmental Education Committee
(EEC), National Speleological Society
- Here is a collection of lesson plans.
Activities at Kentucky Caverns
- Here are several lesson plans for caves.
of the night"
camel backed cricket
- Created by
Johnson, Updated by